North Carolina Juvenile Law 2022 Edition

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CURRENT EDITION 2022
VOLUMES 1
PAGES 662
ESTIMATED NEXT EDITION DATE April 30, 2023
LAST RELEASE DATE April 26, 2022
North Carolina Juvenile Law 2022 Edition

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Blue360° Media’s Juvenile Justice Law is a comprehensive, curated resource for anyone working in the juvenile law space. 

This publication includes the Search & Seizure Survival Guide, A Field Guide for Law Enforcement, which helps officers understand and articulate the key factors needed to show that a search or seizure was reasonable under the Fourth Amendment.                                                                                                                  

Blue360° Media’s Juvenile Justice Law is a comprehensive, curated resource for anyone working in the
juvenile law space.

More than 50 years have passed since the U.S. Supreme Court held that proceedings for juveniles had to
comply with the requirements of the Fourteenth Amendment. (In re Gault, 387 U.S. 1 (1967)). These
rights include:
     • the right to notice of the charges;
     • the right to an attorney;
     • the right to remain silent; and
     • the right to confront and cross-examine witnesses.

In that time, juvenile law has changed significantly in the State of New Carolina. In 2017, North Carolina
lawmakers raised the age of juvenile jurisdiction for nonviolent crimes to age 18. Effective Dec. 1, 2019,
16-and 17-year-old individuals who commit crimes in North Carolina are no longer automatically
charged in the adult criminal justice system.

This publication will help keep you up to date on the changes in the law, as well as provide forms, charts
and contact information useful to those working in the juvenile law field, as well as a comprehensive
subject-matter index.

CHAPTER 1A. RULES OF CIVIL PROCEDURE

     Article 2. Commencement of Action; Service of Process, Pleadings, Motions, and Orders

     Article 4. Parties

     Article 6. Trials

     Article 7. Judgment

CHAPTER 5A. CONTEMPT

     Article 3. Contempt by Juveniles

CHAPTER 7A. JUDICIAL DEPARTMENT

     Subchapter III. Superior Court Division of the General Court of Justice

     Article 12. Clerk of Superior Court

     Subchapter VI. Revenues and Expenses of the Judicial Department

     Article 27. Expenses of the Judicial Department

     Subchapter IX. Representation of Indigent Persons

     Article 36. Entitlement of Indigent Persons Generally

     Subchapter XIV. Drug Treatment Courts

     Article 62. North Carolina Drug Treatment Court Act

CHAPTER 7B. JUVENILE CODE

     Subchapter I. Abuse, Neglect, Dependency

     Article 1. Purposes; Definitions

     Article 2. Jurisdiction

     Article 3. Screening of Abuse and Neglect Complaints

     Article 3A. Judicial Review; Responsible Individuals List

     Article 4. Venue; Petitions

     Article 5. Temporary Custody; Nonsecure Custody; Custody Hearings

     Article 6. Basic Rights

     Article 7. Discovery

     Article 8. Hearing Procedures

     Article 9. Dispositions

     Article 10. Modification and Enforcement of Dispositional Orders; Appeals

     Article 11. Termination of Parental Rights

     Article 12. Guardian ad Litem Program

     Article 13. Prevention of Abuse and Neglect

     Article 14. North Carolina Child Fatality Prevention System

     Subchapter II. Undisciplined and Delinquent Juveniles

     Article 15. Purposes; Definitions

     Article 16. Jurisdiction

     Article 17. Screening of Delinquency and Undisciplined Complaints

     Article 18. Venue; Petition; Summons

     Article 19. Temporary Custody; Secure and Nonsecure Custody; Custody Hearings

     Article 20. Basic Rights

     Article 20A. Rights of Victims of Delinquent Acts

     Article 21. Law Enforcement Procedures in Delinquency Proceedings

     Article 22. Probable Cause Hearing and Transfer Hearing

     Article 23. Discovery

     Article 24. Hearing Procedures

     Article 25. Dispositions

     Article 26. Modification and Enforcement of Dispositional Orders; Appeals

     Article 27. Authority over Parents of Juveniles Adjudicated Delinquent or Undisciplined

     Article 28. Interstate Compact on Juveniles

     Subchapter III. Juvenile Records

     Article 29. Records and Social Reports of Cases of Abuse, Neglect, and Dependency

     Article 30. Juvenile Records and Social Reports of Delinquency and Undisciplined Cases

     Article 31. Disclosure of Juvenile Information

     Article 32. Expunction of Juvenile Records

     Article 33. Computation of Recidivism Rates

     Subchapter IV. Parental Authority; Emancipation

     Article 34. Parental Authority Over Juveniles

     Article 35. Emancipation

     Article 36. Judicial Consent for Emergency Surgical or Medical Treatment

     Subchapter V. Placement of Juveniles

     Article 37. Placing or Adoption of Juvenile Delinquents or Dependents

     Article 38. Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children

     Article 39. Interstate Compact on Adoption and Medical Assistance

     Article 40. Interstate Compact for Juveniles

CHAPTER 14. CRIMINAL LAW

     Subchapter III. Offenses Against The Person

     Article 7B. Rape and Other Sex Offenses

     Article 9. Hazing

     Article 10. Kidnapping and Abduction

     Article 10A. Human Trafficking

     Subchapter VI. Criminal Trespass

     Article 22. Damages and Other Offenses to Land and Fixtures

     Subchapter VII. Offenses Against Public Morality and Decency

     Article 26. Offenses against Public Morality and Decency

     Article 27. Prostitution

     Article 27A. Sex Offender and Public Protection Registration Programs

     Part 4. Registration of Certain Juveniles Adjudicated for Committing Certain Offenses

     Subchapter IX. Offenses Against the Public Peace

     Article 35. Offenses Against the Public Peace

     Subchapter XI. General Police Regulations

     Article 39. Protection of Minors

     Article 60. Computer-Related Crime

CHAPTER 15A. CRIMINAL PROCEDURE ACT

     Subchapter II. Law-Enforcement and Investigative Procedures

     Article 8. Electronic Recording of Interrogations

     Article 14. Nontestimonial Identification

     Subchapter III. Criminal Process

     Article 17. Criminal Process

     Subchapter V. Custody

     Article 23. Police Processing and Duties upon Arrest Subchapter VIII-A.

     Rights of Crime Victims and Witnesses

     Article 45. Fair Treatment for Certain Victims and Witnesses

     Subchapter X. General Trial Procedure

     Article 56. Incapacity to Proceed

     Subchapter XII. Trial Procedure in Superior Court

     Article 73. Criminal Jury Trial in Superior Court

     Subchapter XIII. Disposition of Defendants

     Article 81B. Structured Sentencing of Persons Convicted of Crimes

     Part 2A. Sentencing for Minors Subject to Life Imprisonment Without Parole

CHAPTER 15B. VICTIMS COMPENSATION

     Article 1. Crime Victim’s Compensation Act

     Article 2. The Crime Victims Financial Recovery Assistance Act

CHAPTER 15C. ADDRESS CONFIDENTIALITY PROGRAM

CHAPTER 18B. REGULATION OF ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES

     Article 3. Sale, Possession, and Consumption

CHAPTER 19. OFFENSES AGAINST PUBLIC MORALS

     Article 2. Civil Remedy for Sales of Harmful Materials to Minors

CHAPTER 20. MOTOR VEHICLES

     Article 2. Uniform Driver’s License Act

     Article 3. Motor Vehicle Act of 1937

     Part 3. Registration and Certificates of Titles of Motor Vehicles

     Part 9. The Size, Weight, Construction and Equipment of Vehicles

     Part 10B. Child Bicycle Safety Act

CHAPTER 33A. NORTH CAROLINA UNIFORM TRANSFERS TO MINORS ACT

CHAPTER 48. ADOPTIONS

     Article 1. General Provisions

     Article 2. General Adoption Procedure

     Part 1. Jurisdiction and Venue

     Part 2. General Procedural Provisions

     Part 3. Petition for Adoption

     Part 4. Notice of Pendency of Proceedings

     Part 5. Report to the Court

     Part 6. Dispositional Hearing; Decree of Adoption

     Article 3. Adoption of Minors

     Part 1. General Provisions

     Part 2. Placement of Minors for Adoption

     Part 3. Preplacement Assessment

     Part 4. Transfer of Physical Custody of Minor by Health Care Facility or Attending Practitioner for Purposes of             Adoption

     Part 5. Custody of Minors Pending Final Decree of Adoption

     Part 6. Consent to Adoption

     Part 7. Relinquishment of Minor for Adoption

     Article 4. Adoption of a Minor Stepchild by Stepparent

     Article 5. Adoption of Adults

     Article 6. Adoption by a Former Parent

     Article 9. Confidentiality of Records and Disclosure of Information

     Article 10. Prohibited Practices in Connection with Adoption

CHAPTER 48A. MINORS

     Article 1. Age of Majority

     Article 2. Certain Contracts of Minors

CHAPTER 49. CHILDREN BORN OUT OF WEDLOCK

     Article 1. Support of Children Born Out of Wedlock

     Article 2. Legitimation of Children Born Out of Wedlock

     Article 3. Civil Actions Regarding Children Born Out of Wedlock

CHAPTER 49A. RIGHTS OF CHILDREN

     Article 1. Children Conceived by Artificial Insemination

CHAPTER 50A. UNIFORM CHILD-CUSTODY JURISDICTION AND ENFORCEMENT ACT AND UNIFORM DEPLOYED PARENTS CUSTODY AND VISITATION ACT

     Article 1. Uniform Child Custody Jurisdiction Act

     Article 2. Uniform Child-Custody Jurisdiction and Enforcement Act

     Part 1. General Provisions

     Part 2. Jurisdiction

     Part 3. Enforcement

     Article 3. Uniform Deployed Parents Custody and Visitation Act

     Part 1. General Provisions

     Part 2. Agreement Addressing Custodial Responsibility during Deployment

     Article 3. Uniform Deployed Parents Custody and Visitation Act

     Part 1. General Provisions

     Part 2. Agreement Addressing Custodial Responsibility during Deployment

     Part 3. Judicial Procedure for Granting Custodial

     Responsibility during Deployment

     Part 4. Return from Deployment

     Part 5. Miscellaneous Provisions

CHAPTER 50B. DOMESTIC VIOLENCE

CHAPTER 50D. PERMANENT CIVIL NO-CONTACT ORDER AGAINST SEX OFFENDER ON BEHALF OF CRIME VICTIM

CHAPTER 51. MARRIAGE

     Article 1. General Provisions

CHAPTER 52C. UNIFORM INTERSTATE FAMILY SUPPORT ACT

     Article 1. General Provisions

     Article 2. Jurisdiction

     Article 3. Civil Provisions of General Application

     Article 4. Establishment of Support Order or Determination of Parentage

     Article 5. Enforcement of Order of Another State Without Registration

     Article 6. Registration, Enforcement, and Modification of Support Order

     Part 1. Registration for Enforcement of Support Order

     Part 2. Contest of Validity or Enforcement

     Part 3. Registration and Modification of Child Support Order of Another State

     Part 4. Registration and Modification of Foreign Child Support Order

     Article 7. Support Proceeding Under Convention

     Article 8. Interstate Rendition

     Article 9. Miscellaneous Provisions

CHAPTER 90. MEDICINE AND ALLIED OCCUPATIONS

     Article 1A. Treatment of Minors

     Part 1. General Provisions

     Part 2. Parental or Judicial Consent for Abortion

CHAPTER 110. CHILD WELFARE

     Article 7. Child Care Facilities

CHAPTER 114. DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE

     Article 1. Attorney General

CHAPTER 115C. ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION

     Subchapter IV. Education Program

     Article 9. Education of Children With Disabilities

     Part 1H. Special Education Scholarships for Children With Disabilities

     Subchapter V. Personnel

     Article 19. Principals and Supervisors

     Subchapter VI. Students

     Article 25. Admission and Assignment of Students

     Article 26. Attendance

     Part 1. Compulsory Attendance

     Article 27. Discipline

     Article 27A. Management and Placement of Disruptive Students

     Article 29. Protective Provisions and Maintenance of Student Records

     Article 29D. Student Prayer and Religious Activity

     Subchapter X. Private and Proprietary Schools

     Article 39. Nonpublic Schools

     Part 4. Miscellaneous Requirements

CHAPTER 116. HIGHER EDUCATION

     Article 1. The University of North Carolina

     Part 3. Constituent Institutions

CHAPTER 122C. MENTAL HEALTH, DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES, AND SUBSTANCE ABUSE ACT OF 1985

     Article 6. Special Provisions

     Part 4. Educational Services In Private Psychiatric Residential Treatment Facilities

CHAPTER 131D. INSPECTION AND LICENSING OF FACILITIES

     Article 1A. Control over Child Placing and Child Care

     Part 1. In General

     Part 2. A Family For Every Child Initiative

CHAPTER 143B. EXECUTIVE ORGANIZATION ACT OF 1973

     Article 3. Department of Health and Human Services

     Part 4B. State Child Fatality Review Team

     Article 13. Department of Public Safety

     Part 3. Juvenile Justice Section

     Subpart A. Creation of Division

     Part 4. Law Enforcement

     Subpart A. General Provisions

CHAPTER 153A. COUNTIES

     Article 13. Health and Social Services

     Part 2. Social Service Provisions

INDEX

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