The Drug and Alcohol Impaired Driver
Jefferson L. Lankford
Last Release Date
October 23, 2018
In stockSKU 33404-11
A comprehensive police officer’s manual for DUI enforcement from initial stop through trial, updated annually to include the latest developments in marijuana legalization and drug and alcohol laws and cases.
The Drug and Alcohol Impaired Driver is a guide for police enforcement of DUI laws. This book is helpful for police from the command level to the patrol officer. The author, a retired judge, explains how to employ stop, search and arrest and their legal limits in a clear and understandable way. The book presents a description of hundreds of drugs (both legal and illegal) and their effects on driving. A list of federally controlled substances is also included for easy reference. The latest developments on the legalization of marijuana and new research on the risk of driving under the influence of marijuana are included. It explains the legislative approaches states use for DUI enforcement. Strategies for enforcement, investigative techniques and tips for effective in-court testimony are covered. This book is an exceptionally useful resource for the classroom, field use and command decisions in enforcement.
Jefferson L. Lankford
Jefferson Lankford served as a judge of the Arizona Court of Appeals from 1990 to 2006. He received a baccalaureate degree from the University of Kentucky, and juris doctor and master of laws degrees from the University of Virginia. Judge Lankford wrote Arizona DUI: A Manual for Police, Lawyers and Judges, first published more than 15 years ago. He also co-authored The Law of Negligence in Arizona, now in its second edition, and has been an editor of The Arizona Litigation Guide and the Arizona Appellate Handbook. He also has written numerous articles on legal subjects.
About the Author
Chapter One: Trends Affecting DUI Enforcement
Distracted Driving and Cell Phones
Prescription Drugs and Other Drugs of Abuse
Changing Attitudes About Drugs and Alcohol and Law Enforcement
Revisiting enforcement strategies
Chapter Two: Drugs and Driving
How This Chapter Can Help
Effects of Drugs
Which Drugs are Potentially Driver-Impairing Medications?
Over the Counter Medicines
Central Nervous System Depressant
Antianxiety – Nonbenzodiazepine Drugs
Dopamine and Serotonin Antagonists
Antinausea and Antivertigo Medicines
Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors
Calcium Channel Blockers
Hematologic (blood) drugs
Cough Medicines (Antitussives)
Blood Glucose Medicines
Non-Narcotic Pain Relievers
Parkinson's Disease and Related Conditions
Other Illicit Drugs
Chapter Three: Marijuana
Legalization and Decriminalization
Effects of Marijuana on Driving
Increased Effects with Alcohol and Other Drugs
Marijuana and Legalization
Chapter Four: Alcohol and Driving
The General Effects of Alcohol
The Effects of Alcohol on Driving
Chapter Five: The Stop
What is a "Stop"?
When Can a Peace Officer Lawfully Stop a Driver?
What Can the Officer Do During a Stop? How Long Can a Person or Vehicle be Stopped?
Chapter Six: The Investigation
Building the Case Toward Probable Cause to Arrest
What is Probable Cause to Arrest for DUI?
Observations of Intoxicated Behavior
Field Sobriety Testing (FST)
Standardized Field Sobriety Tests for Alcohol
The Three Parts of the FST
Drug Influence Evaluation
Drug Detection by a Non-DRE Officer
Vehicle Searches: No Warrant Needed
Scope of the Search
Search Incident to Arrest
Inventory Search Consent Searches
Chapter Seven: Chemical Testing
Search Incident to Arrest
Refusal Despite Implied Consent
What Constitutes Refusal
Non-Criminal Consequences of Refusal
Test Breath or Blood?
Administering the Tests
Alternatives to Breath and Blood Tests
Obtaining a Warrant for a Test
Passive Alcohol Sensors
Chapter Eight: DUI Laws
Other Alcohol Offenses
Non-Alcohol Civil and Criminal Traffic Offenses
Other Non-Alcohol Offenses
DUI Alcohol Offenses
"Under the Influence"
Did Alcohol Cause the Impairment?
Drug DUI Laws
Medically Used Drugs
Types of Drug DUI Statutes
Which Drugs are Included
Zero Tolerance Statutes
Per Se Statutes
Problems and Issues with Zero Tolerance and Per Se Statutes
Chapter Nine: The DUI Case in Court
Introduction to Testifying in Court
Maintain a Proper Tone of Voice and Demeanor
Answer Clearly and Positively
Admit Any Failure of Memory
Keep Your Cool
Listen and Ponder
Prepare for Your Testimony
How Might Defense Counsel Challenge Your Testimony?
Areas of Testimony
Blood Sample: Chain of Custody
Statements by the Driver and Witnesses
Sufficiency of Evidence
Appendix A: Controlled Substances
Appendix B: Form Affidavit for a Search Warrant for Blood
Appendix C: Sobriety Checkpoint Laws
Appendix D: Alcohol DUI laws
Appendix E: Drug impaired DUI laws