The Drug and Alcohol Impaired Driver 3rd Edition (2020)

CURRENT EDITION 3rd
VOLUMES 1
AUTHOR Jefferson Lankford
LAST RELEASE DATE October 27, 2020
The Drug and Alcohol Impaired Driver 3rd Edition (2020)

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$41.00

Blue360o Media is pleased to introduce the third Blue360° Media Edition of The Drug and Alcohol Impaired Driver. Available in both print and eBook formats, The Drug and Alcohol Impaired Driver is a police officer’s comprehensive manual for DUI enforcement from initial stop through trial, updated to include the latest developments in marijuana legalization and drug and alcohol laws and cases. 

Blue360o Media is pleased to introduce the third Blue360° Media Edition of The Drug and Alcohol Impaired Driver. Available in both print and eBook formats, The Drug and Alcohol Impaired Driver is a police officer’s comprehensive manual for DUI enforcement from initial stop through trial, updated periodically to include the latest developments in marijuana legalization and drug and alcohol laws and cases. 

See below for an excerpt from chapter two of The Drug and Alcohol Impaired Driver:

This publication helps prepare officers to investigate suspected drug impaired driving by:

  1. Identifying categories of drugs that have effects that can impair driving performance;
  2. Naming individual drugs that can have such effects;
  3. Identifying the specific effects of the drug that can impair driving;
  4. Quantifying the degree of increased risk of collision in cases where research has demonstrated a higher incidence of crashes.

The number of drugs — both legal and illegal — that can impair driving is enormous. Many of them are cataloged in this publication. 

Among other things, the investigating officer should be familiar enough with drugs that can impair driving to question the suspect and to understand whether a particular drug that the driver has taken may have impaired driving performance.

For example, the officer can ask the driver: Are you taking any medications? What is the medication for? What is the name of the medication? When did you last take it? How much of it did you take? Does it make you dizzy or sleepy? The answers might well confirm impairment and reveal its cause.

CHAPTER ONE: TRENDS AFFECTING DUI ENFORCEMENT
   1.1 Highway Safety
   1.2 Distracted Driving and Cell Phones
   1.3 Prescription Drugs and Other Drugs of Abuse
   1.4 Marijuana
   1.5 Alcohol
   1.6 Changing Attitudes About Drugs and Alcohol and Law Enforcement
   1.7 Revisiting Enforcement Strategies
CHAPTER TWO: DRUGS AND DRIVING
   2.1 Introduction
   2.2 How This Chapter Can Help
   2.3 Effects of Drugs
   2.4 Which Drugs are Potentially Driver-Impairing Medications?
   2.5 Over the Counter Medicines
   2.6 Opiates
   2.7 Opioids
   2.8 Central Nervous System Depressants
   2.9 Benzodiazepines
   2.10 Antianxiety — Nonbenzodiazepine Drugs
   2.11 Antidepressants
   2.12 Antipsychotics
   2.13 Phenothiazines
   2.14 Thioxanthenes
   2.15 Dopamine and Serotonin Antagonists
   2.16 Antinausea and Antivertigo Medicines
   2.17 Cardiovascular Medications
   2.17.1 Diuretics
   2.17.2 Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors
   2.17.3 Calcium Channel Blockers
   2.17.4 Sympatholytic Agents
   2.17.5 Vasodilators
   2.17.6 Antiarrhythmics
   2.17.7 Digitalis Glycosides
   2.17.8 Hematologic (blood) drugs
   2.18 Respiratory medicines
   2.18.1 Antihistamines
   2.18.2 Bronchodilators
   2.18.3 Cough Medicines (Antitussives)
   2.19 Blood Glucose Medicines
   2.20 Gastrointestinal Medicines
   2.20.1 Acid Reducers
   2.20.2 Antispasmodics
   2.21 Non-Narcotic Pain Relievers
   2.22 Muscle Relaxants
   2.23 Neurologic Drugs
   2.23.1 Parkinson’s Disease and Related Conditions
   2.23.2 Anticonvulsants
   2.24 Stimulants
   2.24.1 Methamphetamine
   2.24.2 Cocaine
   2.25 Other Illicit Drugs
CHAPTER THREE: MARIJUANA
   3.1 Overview
   3.2 Legalization and Decriminalization
   3.3 Effects of Marijuana on Driving
   3.4 Increased Effects with Alcohol and Other Drugs
   3.5 Marijuana Impaired Driving and Legalization
   3.6 Synthetic Marijuana
CHAPTER FOUR: ALCOHOL AND DRIVING
   4.1 Overview of Alcohol DUI
   4.2 The General Effects of Alcohol
   4.3 Alcohol Poisoning
   4.4 The Effects of Alcohol on Driving
CHAPTER FIVE: THE STOP
   5.1 What is a “Stop”?
   5.2 When Can a Peace Officer Lawfully Stop a Driver?
   5.3 What Can the Officer Do During a Stop? How Long Can a Person or Vehicle be Stopped?
   5.4 Checkpoints
   5.5 Saturation Patrols
CHAPTER SIX: THE INVESTIGATION
   6.1 Probable Cause
   6.1.1 Building the Case Toward Probable Cause to Arrest
   6.1.2 What is Probable Cause to Arrest for DUI?
   6.2 Observations of Intoxicated Behavior
   6.3 Field Sobriety Testing (FST)
   6.3.1 Standardized Field Sobriety Tests for Alcohol
   6.3.2 The Three Parts of the FST
   6.3.3 Drug Detection
   6.3.4 Opinion
   6.3.5 Drug Influence Evaluation
   6.3.6 Drug Detection by a Non-DRE Officer
   6.4 Physical Evidence
   6.5 Warrants
   6.5.1 Warrant Requirement
   6.5.2 Vehicle Searches: No Warrant Needed
   6.6 Searches
   6.6.1 Scope of the Search
   6.6.2 Search Incident to Arrest
   6.6.3 Inventory Search
   6.6.4 Consent Searches
   6.6.5 Abandoned Property
   6.6.6 Plain View
   6.6.7 Plain Feel
   6.6.8 Plain Smell
   6.6.9 Canine Sniffs
   6.7 Arrest and Interrogation
CHAPTER SEVEN: CHEMICAL TESTING
   7.1 Obtaining a Sample
   7.2 Search Incident to Arrest
   7.3 Implied Consent
   7.4 Refusal Despite Implied Consent
   7.5 What Constitutes Refusal
   7.6 Non-Criminal Consequences of Refusal
   7.7 Express Consent
   7.8 Test Breath or Blood?
   7.9 Administering the Tests
   7.9.1 Breath Testing
   7.9.2 Blood
   7.9.3 Alternatives to Breath and Blood Tests
   7.10 Obtaining a Warrant for a Test
   7.11 Passive Alcohol Sensors
CHAPTER EIGHT: DUI LAWS
   8.1 Civil Authority
   8.2 Other Alcohol Offenses
   8.3 Non-Alcohol Civil and Criminal Traffic Offenses
   8.4 Other Non-Alcohol Offenses
   8.5 DUI Alcohol Offenses
   8.6 Driving
   8.7 Alcohol Content
   8.8 “Under the Influence”
   8.9 Did Alcohol Cause the Impairment?
   8.10 Drug DUI Laws
   8.11 Medically Used Drugs
   8.12 Types of Drug DUI Statutes
   8.13 Which Drugs are Included
   8.14 Zero Tolerance Statutes
   8.15 Per Se Statutes
   8.16 Impairment Statutes
   8.17 Problems and Issues with Zero Tolerance and Per Se Statutes
   8.18 Unlawful Possession
CHAPTER NINE: THE DUI CASE IN COURT
   9.1 Introduction to Testifying in Court
   9.2 Body Language
   9.3 Maintain a Proper Tone of Voice and Demeanor
   9.4 Answer Briefly
   9.5 Answer Clearly and Positively
   9.6 Admit Any Failure of Memory
   9.7 Keep Your Cool
   9.8 Listen and Ponder
   9.9 Prepare for Your Testimony
   9.10 How Might Defense Counsel Challenge Your Testimony?
   9.11 Areas of Testimony
   9.12 Field Tests
   9.13 DIEs
   9.14 Testing
   9.15 Blood Sample: Chain of Custody
   9.16 The Arrest
   9.17 Statements by the Driver and Witnesses
   9.18 Opinion Evidence
   9.19 Sufficiency of Evidence
APPENDIX A: CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES
APPENDIX B: FORM AFFIDAVIT FOR A SEARCH WARRANT FOR BLOOD
APPENDIX C: SOBRIETY CHECKPOINT LAWS
APPENDIX D: ALCOHOL DUI LAWS
APPENDIX E: DRUG IMPAIRED DUI LAWS
APPENDIX F: CONTROLLED SUBSTANCE INDEX
APPENDIX G: CONTROLLED SUBSTANCE REFERENCE NAMES

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