Virginia Search & Seizure Law Enforcement for Officers 15th Edition

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Virginia Search & Seizure Law Enforcement for Officers 15th Edition

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Features a critical analysis and application of the Fourth Amendment and Virginia laws of Arrest, Search and Seizure.     

This newest Blue360° Media Edition of Virginia Search and Seizure for Law Enforcement Officers is a valuable manual covering the Fourth Amendment and pertinent Virginia case law. Topical material that clearly sets forth the rules and concepts pertaining to search and seizure is topical and central to the performance of the law enforcement officer's daily duties. Both instructors and students will find this to be an ideal classroom text for law enforcement training courses. Topics analyzed include:

•   Probable Cause
•   Use of Force
•   Search Warrants
•   Searches and Arrests without Warrants
•   Consent Searches
•   Third-party Consent
•   Securing Premises
•   Occupant Detention
•   Mistaken Arrests
•   Overnight and Temporary Guests
•   Investigative and Probable Cause Searches
•   The Terry Stop
•   Flight, Pursuit, Public Danger
•   Return of Documents During Routine Traffic Stops
•   Search Incident to Citation
•   Inevitable Discovery
•   Officer Acting as Private Citizen
•   And much more.

(Table of Contents for 2021 edition. For informational purposes only)

1. Is the Fourth Amendment Applicable?
   A. Government Action
   B. Reasonable Expectation of Privacy
   C. Standing
   D. Consent
      Implied Consent
      Scope of Consent
      Passive Acquiescence
      Withdrawal of Consent
      Return of Documents During Routine Traffic Stops
      Consent Obtained During Custody
      Third-Party Consent
   E. Abandonment
   F. The Caretaker Function
2. Has the Fourth Amendment Been Satisfied?
   A. Probable Cause Defined and the Collective Knowledge Doctrine
   B. Seizure of the Person (Generally)
      What happens when one fails to comply with an officer’s order?
      Pretext Seizures: Traffic Stops and Other Definitions
   C. Warrantless Arrests
   D. Mistaken Arrests
   E. Misdemeanor Arrests
   F. Manner of Arrest: Use of Force
   G. Arrest Warrants—Home Entries
      Protective Sweeps
      Exigent Circumstances
      Hot Pursuit
      Emergency Doctrine/Exigent Circumstances
      Community Caretaking Function Justifying Warrantless Dwelling Searches
      Evaporation of Exigency
   H. Search Warrants
      Description of the Place to Be Searched
      Description of Things to Be Seized
      Detention of Occupants During Search
      Search/Frisk of Person Found On Premises
      Anticipatory Search Warrants
      Sufficiency and Requirements of Affidavits
      Probable Cause and the Warrant Affidavit
      Search Warrant Execution
   I. Property Seizures
   J. The Exclusionary Rule
   K. Good Faith
3. Vehicle Searches
   A. Probable Cause
   B. Canine Sniff Searches
   C. Inventory Searches
   D. Scope Based on Probable Cause
   E. Search Incident to Arrest of Vehicle/Occupant
      Passenger Compartment Searches
   F. Routine Traffic Stops; Treatment of Drivers and Passengers
   G. Community Caretaking: Justifying Vehicle Impoundment
   H. Roadblock/Checkpoints
   I. Vehicle Pursuits
4. Search Incident to Arrest
   A. Persons
   B. Search Incident to Citation
   C. Strip Searches and Body Cavity Searches
   D. Cell Phones
   E. Inventory of Arrestee
   F. Monitoring Prisoners or Suspects
   G. Inevitable Discovery
5. Plain View
   A. Plain Feel
   B. Plain View: Other Senses
6. Investigatory Stops
   A. General Principles
   B. Grounds For The Detention
      Drug Courier Profiles
      Informant Tip as a Basis for Reasonable Suspicion
      Public Danger/Firearm Exception
      Avoidance of Vehicle Check Points
      Unprovoked Flight
      Withdrawal/Refusal of Consent as a Factor Supporting Reasonable Suspicion
      DUI, Traffic, Equipment, Motor Vehicle Violations, and Other Investigative Traffic Stops
      Officer Acting as a Private Citizen
      Proximity to the Scene/Area of Suspected Activity/Other Circumstances Justifying the Investigative Stop
   C. Questioning During the Investigative Stop
   D. Reasonable Suspicion Found Lacking
   E. Scope/Length of the Investigative Detention
      Forcible Stops: Display Of Weapons, Use of Cuffs, Etc.
   F. Protective Searches: The “Frisk”
      Nature of the Offense
      Companion Frisks
      Detection/Inspection of Objects Found During the Frisk
   G. Scope of the Frisk
7. Conclusion

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