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Virginia Search & Seizure Law Enforcement for Officers 13th Edition - Pre-Order

Virginia Search & Seizure Law Enforcement for Officers 13th Edition - Pre-Order

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Features a critical analysis and application of the Fourth Amendment and Virginia laws of Arrest, Search and Seizure.

This newest Blue360° Media Edition of Virginia Search and Seizure for Law Enforcement Officers is a valuable manual covering the Fourth Amendment and pertinent Virginia case law. Topical material that clearly sets forth the rules and concepts pertaining to search and seizure is topical and central to the performance of the law enforcement officer's daily duties. Both instructors and students will find this to be an ideal classroom text for law enforcement training courses. Topics analyzed include:

•   Probable Cause
•   Use of Force
•   Search Warrants
•   Searches and Arrests without Warrants
•   Consent Searches
•   Third-party Consent
•   Securing Premises
•   Occupant Detention
•   Mistaken Arrests
•   Overnight and Temporary Guests
•   Investigative and Probable Cause Searches
•   The Terry Stop
•   Flight, Pursuit, Public Danger
•   Return of Documents During Routine Traffic Stops
•   Search Incident to Citation
•   Inevitable Discovery
•   Officer Acting as Private Citizen
•   And much more.

Table of Contents


 1 Is the Fourth Amendment Applicable?

 A. Government Action

 B. Reasonable Expectation of Privacy

 C. Standing

 D. Consent

 Implied Consent

 Scope of Consent

 Passive Acquiescence

 Withdraw of Consent

 Return of Documents During Routine Traffic Stops

 Consent Obtained During Custody

 Third-Party Consent

 E. Abandonment

 F. The Caretaker Function

 2 Has the Fourth Amendment Been Satisfied? 


A. Probable Cause Defined and The Collective Knowledge Doctrine

 B. Seizure of the Person (Generally)

 What happens when one fails to comply with an officer's order?

 Pretext Seizures: Traffic Stops and Other Definitions

 C. Warrantless Arrests

 D. Mistaken Arrests

 E. Misdemeanor Arrests

 F. Manner of Arrest: Use of Force

 G. Arrests Warrants–Home Entries

 Protective Sweeps

 Exigent Circumstances

 Hot Pursuit

 Emergency Doctrine/Exigent Circumstances

 Community Caretaking Function Justifying

 Warrantless Dwelling Searches

 Evaporation of Exigency

 H. Search Warrants

 Description of the Place to Be Searched

 Description of Things to Be Seized



 Detention of Occupants During Search

 Search/Frisk of Person Found On Premises

 Anticipatory Search Warrants


 Sufficiency and Requirements of Affidavits

 Probable Cause and the Warrant Affidavit

 Search Warrant Execution

 I. Property Seizures

 J. The Exclusionary Rule

 K. Good Faith

 3 Vehicle Searches

 A. Probable Cause

 B. Canine Sniff Searches

 C. Inventory Searches

 D. Scope Based on Probable Cause

 E. Search Incident to Arrest of Vehicle/Occupant

 Passenger Compartment Searches

 F. Routine Traffic Stops; Treatment of Drivers and Passengers

 G. Community Caretaking: Justifying Vehicle Impoundment


H. Roadblock/Checkpoints

 I. Vehicle Pursuit

 4 Search Incident to Arrest

 A. Persons

 B. Search Incident to Citation

 C. Strip Searches and Body Cavity Searches

 D. Cell Phones

 E. Inventory of Arrestee

 F. Monitoring Prisoners or Suspects

 G. Inevitable Discovery

 5 Plain View

 A. Plain Feel

 B. Plain View: Other Senses

 6 Investigatory Stops

 A. General Principles

 B. Grounds For The Detention

 Drug Courier Profiles

 Informant Tip as a Basis for Reasonable Suspicion

 Public Danger/Firearm Exception

 Avoidance of Vehicle Check Points


Unprovoked Flight

 Withdrawal/Refusal of Consent as a Factor Supporting Reasonable Suspicion

 DUI, Traffic, Equipment, Motor Vehicle Violations, and Other Investigative Traffic Stops

 Officer Acting as a Private Citizen

 Proximity to the Scene/Area of Suspected Activity/Other Circumstances Justifying the Investigative Stop

 C. Questioning During the Investigative Stop

 D. Reasonable Suspicion Found Lacking

 E. Scope/Length of the Investigative Detention

 Forcible Stops: Display Of Weapons, Use of Cuffs, Etc.

 F. Protective Searches: The "Frisk"

 Nature of the Offense

 Companion Frisks

 Detection/Inspection of Objects Found During the Frisk

 G. Scope of the Frisk


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